Skimmia japonica, commonly called Japanese skimmia, is a dense, mounded, broad-leaved evergreen shrub that matures to 3-4' tall and to 5' wide. Female plants typically spread more than male plants. This shrub is ornamentally grown in shady locations for appreciation of its evergreen leaves, mildly fragrant white flowers in spring and red fruits on female plants in fall. It is native to Japan, China and Southeast Asia. Leathery, oval to obovate, dark green leaves (to 5" long) with yellowish-green undersides are, for the most part, clustered somewhat whorl-like at the branch ends. Leaves are aromatic when crushed. Fragrant, creamy white flowers (1/4" across), sometimes tinged pink, bloom in rounded terminal panicles (to 2-3" long) at the branch tips in mid spring (April). Flowers on female shrubs are followed by small spherical red fruits (to 3/8" across) which ripen in October and persist through winter. Male flowers are usually more fragrant and slightly larger than female flowers, but female flowers are the ones that bear the attractive red berries.